Diabetes is a disease in which cells of the organism have difficulty to uptake sugar (i.e. glucose) from blood and convert it into energy. As a result, sugar accumulates in the blood and is not used as a nutrient. In the end, sugar is excreted from the body with urine. Despite the fact that diabetes is a serious disease, you should understand that it can be successfully controlled.
There are different types of diabetes. The two most common types of this disease are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin-dependent diabetes because the patients must make daily injections of insulin to stay alive. This type of diabetes usually occurs in young people.
Diabetes type 2 (or insulin-dependent diabetes) most often occurs in older people. At the beginning of the disease its symptoms can be overcome with the help of diet, exercises, and medications that do not contain insulin. Among the medications, the most used are drugs from thiazolidinediones (Actos) and biguanides (Glucophage).
On the initial stages of diabetes it is enough to follow a diet and to exercise with no need to take drugs. Typically, a slight weight reduction helps to normalize the carbohydrate metabolism of the organism and reduce the production of sugar at the level of the liver. To treat the later stages of diabetes it is necessary to use different drugs. Usually, people with diabetes mellitus type 2 are prescribed with oral anti-diabetic remedies. Usually these drugs are taken once a day, although some patients need to take medication more frequently. For more effective treatment a health care provide may prescribed a combination of anti-diabetic drugs.
Recommended combinations of antidiabetic medicines include:
- Metformin (Glucophage) + nateglinide
- Metformin + insulin
- Metformin + thiazolidinediones (Actos)
Metformin + glipizide