Modern life style, permanent stress, poor nutrition, adverse environmental conditions – all these factors affect our bodies, including the gastrointestinal tract. Every year a number of patients with chronic gastrointestinal diseases is increasing.
The most common gastrointestinal diseases are:
- gastritis – one of the most common diseases of the digestive system that leads to
- digestion disorders, which in turn affect the overall state of a person
- colitis (inflammation of the intestine’s mucous membrane)
- pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
- cholecystitis (inflammatory disease of the gall bladder)
- enteritis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the small intestine), etc.
Most of these pathological processes represent a significant threat to the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, that is why it’s important not to neglect preventive measures and to treat the GI tract diseases in time .
Treatment of gastritis consists of three phases: normalization of acid production and excretory function of the gastrointestinal tract; antibiotics administration in case of infection; recovery of the smotach mucosal cells. Drugs used for the latter purpose also increase the functional activity of the mucous and normalize metabolic disturbances.
In the acute stage of enteritis accompanied with diarrhea, it is recommended to take astringent medications and drugs that normalize intestinal flora.
In acute stage of chronic colitis, antibiotics as well as spasmolytic and cholinolytic drugs. Dieting is very important in the treatment of colitis. It must be gentle but contain all the necessary substance for normal functioning of the organism. It is important to prevent constipation which irritates the intestines and encourage mucus release.
Another common disease is gastric ulcer. To eliminate the factors that led to the disease, it is necessary to correct the way of life: follow a diet, stop smoking, limit alcohol consumption. It is recommended to take medications that suppress the excessive secretion of stomach as well as drugs to restore the protective layer on the mucous membrane of the stomach.